|Company Name||Emu Farm -Record Keeping - Eggs collection and cleaning -Eggs Handling and Storage -Batching of hatching eggs -|
|Address||FOR EMU FARM PROJECT REPORT AND TRAINING PLEASE CONTACT MR. RAGHU MOBILENO :91-9246527603 EMAIL: [email protected]
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India.
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By Dr.SK Maini
The maintenance of records is an integral part of a quality assurance system and farm management. Accurate breeder flock records are a must for the genetic improvement of the progeny, history of each bird helps pedigree development and is required for the prediction of the progenyís performance.
Records have to be maintained for the following-
Egg production-Identification of the more productive breeder birds. There is early evidence that the male can influence considerably the number of eggs a female will lay in a season indicating that this is not only determined by the genetic potential of the female.
Chronic infections & illness case histories
Egg fertility-helps treat / cull the infertile birds
Egg Weights Ė to calculate the average and above average weight laying birds and the progeny performance in relation to the egg weights.
Egg uniformity Ė reduces the grading related work
Egg Hatch abilities Ė to identify the nutritional status of the breeders
Chick Hatch Weight-and subsequent weekly weights to separate the fast growers from the slow for development of the meat lines.
Economics of chicks production
Traceability for the chicks identification and performance of its siblings and parents.
Every egg produced must be marked with the female / pen number, and should be traceable at hatching and during growing and subsequent periods for on going R & D and genetic improvements.
Eggs collection and cleaning
Eggs be collected as soon as they are laid,using a glove, pick the egg place it in the basket with soft bedding, bring it out of the pen for safety reasons, dry clean with a cloth / cotton if required. Never incubate very soiled eggs, and washing must be avoided.
Eggs Handling and Storage
After the eggs are collected , mark the eggs identity immediately after cleaning it and store it in upright position for the air cell to form at the top end, store it in a cool place or in a refrigerator, never freeze the hatching eggs.
Hatching eggs give best results if stored for 7 days, beyond 7 days hatch abilities start to decreased due to vitamins breakdown within the eggs and excessive loss of moisture, and turning becomes a must in long stored eggs to avoid embryos sticking to the membranes, which is not a convenient practice.
Batching of hatching eggs:
Collect eggs and store them in a refrigerator at a temperature of 60 degrees F set them when the tray full number has reached, this cuts down time spent on hatching , a batch hatches every week, easy to brood and manage, reduces overall work load.
Usual problems of this age group and their remedies
Due to hormonal changes at the time of maturity leading to aggression biting, kicking, chasing, excessive vocalization, feather picking and self mutilation, the birds disturb others and attack the workers at times, give plenty of greens, several times a day to distract their attention and with time they become normal.
Emuís being curious and the inquisitive type will eat anything and everything that is within reach besides the mud and faucal matter, this recycles the parasitic eggs and larvae, bacteria and viruses if present, causing a variety of damage to the intestinal mucosa and lining resulting in enteritis and leading to bloody or loose droppings. First deworm the flock, then use an antibiotic to control the enteric infection, give electrolytes and glucose via drinking water to prevent dehydration and starvation leading to other complications.
Rectal Prolapse (including oviductal prolapse)
Caused by excessive straining either due to egg laying, loss of uterine tone, infection of uterus or as a result of irritation due to mycotoxins, keep the prolapsed tissue moist and clean with 50% dextrose or normal saline, flush it several times, push it back into the cloaca and a vertical stay suture or purse string suture to keep it in its place, ensure the bird can pass feaces.
Usually seen during the chicks and growing stages, as a result of deficiency or malnutrition, however in the adults it is mostly injuries, if itís a fracture of the leg, the bird will have to be culled, if its toes they can be bandaged, anti inflammatory drugs be given to keep the swelling low, if the wound is open, appropriate dressing will be required and an antibiotic course be given for quick results.
Eyes infection / injuries/allergies
Infection of the eyes as a result of insect bites, allergies or injuries caused due to biting/pecking by the other birds in the pen is usually seen, clean the eyes with boric acid solution /normal saline put antibiotic eye drops 3 to 4 times a day for quick recovery.
Coryza like symptoms
Irritation of the respiratory tract due to dust, pollen fungal spores of bacteria can cause symptoms similar to coryza like sneezing, coughing rales etc., soon get complicated with E coli or other bacteria causing severe distress to the birds, improve hygiene and sanitation, use antibiotic in drinking water, ensure the birds donít go off feed, if severe give antibiotic injections course.
Birds off Feed
Emuís go off feed due to several reasons, stress is the main, infections, parasites and injuries also lead to starvation, separate the birds not feeding hand feed them for 3 to 4 days or till they begin to eat on their own, treat according to the requirement.
Bent necks and hunch Backs
Usually seen as result of injury or deficiency, damage is mostly permanent type, such birds be culled, donít use as breeders as this could be due to in breeding of the birds.
Due to prolonged poor storage of feed, feed getting wet during monsoon, new grains used for feed making, fungus growing and producing mycotoxins, when consumed leads to a variety of signs and symptoms often confusing and misleading, cause damage to the intestines, liver and kidneys, leading to loose dropping, weakness and
Loss of performance. Add mycotoxins binders /destroyers/deactivators or reducers in feed, give liver supportiveís in drinking water, increase the quantity of vitamins and trace minerals by approx 25% in the feed.
Lack of environmental stimuli, mate incompatibility, same sex pairs, nutritional deficiencies, obesity, physical disorders, neoplasia of the reproductive tract are some of the causes that lead to infertility. Correct the situation and the results will follow.
Due to environmental factors, disturbances, stress or nutritional reasons eggs can be laid, either misshaped, soft shelled, small or too large. Check the cause by improving the nutrition and reducing the stress factors, results will follow.
Failure of the infundibulum to trap the egg, disturbances at the time of ovulation and bacterial infections can cause this condition, if bacterial antibiotics will give positive results, however the diagnosis is difficult and usually seen after the bird dies.
If you need Emu farm Project report Please call Mr.Raghu 91-9246527603.
email: [email protected]
|Last Updated: 2011-04-07 01:46:36|
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