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DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT OF MANGE MITE DERMATITIS

Dr. Madeeha Untoo

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CONTENTS
Dermatitis
Mange, Mite
Types of mange
Diagnosis
Treatment




DERMATITIS:
-> INFLAMMATION OF SKIN.
-> IT MAY BE CAUSED BY PATHOGENS,PARASITES,SUNLIGHT,POOR NUTRITION,ALLERGY,FRICTION OR CHEMICAL.

MANGE:
-> ANY OF SEVERAL INTENCE ITCHY SKIN DISEASES CAUSED BY PARASITIC MITES.
-> THE MAJOR FORMS ARE:

a) DEMODECTIC MANGE
b) SARCOPTIC MANGE
c) PSOROPTIC MANGE
d) CHORIOPTIC MANGE

DEMODECTIC MANGE

DEMODECTIC MANGE

GENUS: DEMODEX
SPECIES: D.CANIS (DOG)
D.OVIS (SHEEP)
D.CAPRAE (GOAT)
D.BOVIS (CATTLE)
D.PHYLLOIDES (PIG)

SARCOPTIC MANGE
GENUS: SARCOPTES
SPECIE: SARCOPTES SCABIES

PSOROPTIC MANGE
GENUS: PSOROPTES
SPECIES: P.OVIS (SHEEP)
P.EQUI (HORSE)
P.BOVIS (CATTLE)
P.CAPRAE (GOAT)

CHORIOPTIC MANGE

GENUS: CHORIOPTES
SPECIES: C.EQUI (HORSE)
C.OVIS (SHEEP)
C.CAPRAE (GOAT)
C.BOVIS (HORSE)

MITE:
-> A SMALL ARACHNID BELONGING TO THE ACARINA WHICH ALSO INCLUDES TICKS.MANY ARE BLOOD SUCKING ECTOPARASITES OF LIVESTOCK, PETS & HUMANS.THEY ARE OF CONCIDERABLE VETERINARY & ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE.

CONTROL:
1. INFESTED BEDDING OR LITTER SHOULD BE REMOVED OR DESTROYED & BUILDING THOROUGHLY CLEANED.
2. SHEARING, CLIPPING, DIPPING, SPRAYING, WASHING OR SHAMPOOING WITH A LOTION OF SUITABLE ACARICIDE.
3. BEDS, BUILDINGS, ANIMAL HOUSE SHOULD BE DISINFECTED TO ENSURE THAT ALL THE STAGES IN LIFE CYCLE OF MITE ARE ERADICATED.

DIAGNOSIS:
1.HISTORY & CLINICAL SIGNS
2.DEEP SKIN SCRAPING
3.DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

SCRAPING OF INFECTED AREA FROM EDGES OF LESIONDEEPLY TO DRAW BLOOD.
ADD 1-2 DROPS OF 10% KOH.
ALLOW TO STAND FOR A MINUTE.
EXAMINE UNDER MICROSCOPE.

TREATMENT:
1.SULFACURE
2.AMITRAZ
3.COUMAPHOS
4.IVERMECTIN
5.GOLDEN LOTION
6.ASCABIOL

OTHERS:
a.PERMETHRIN
b.FLUMETHRIN
c.CYPERMETHRIN
d.DELTAMETHRIN
e.SCABALCID(INJ.)
f.SCABIAZMA(INJ.)